ASTM e1444

ASTM e1444

ASTM e1444 pdf free download

ASTM E1444 / E1444M – 11 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
ASTM E1444 / E1444M
Significance and Use ASTM e1444 pdf
Description of Process—Magnetic particle testing consists of magnetizing the area to be examined, applying suitably prepared magnetic particles while the area is magnetized, and subsequently interpreting and evaluating any resulting particle accumulations. Maximum detectability occurs when the discontinuity is positioned on the surface and perpendicular to the magnetic flux.


This practice establishes the basic parameters for controlling the application of the magnetic particle testing method. This practice is written so that it can be specified on the engineering drawing, specification, or contract. It is not a detailed how-to procedure to be used by the examination personnel and, therefore, must be supplemented by a detailed written procedure that conforms to the requirements of this practice.

1. Scope

1.1 This practice establishes minimum requirements for magnetic particle testing used for the detection of surface or slightly subsurface discontinuities in ferromagnetic material. Guide E709 can be used in conjunction with this practice as a tutorial.

Note 1—This Practice replaces MIL-STD-1949.

1.2 The magnetic particle testing method is used to detect cracks, laps, seams, inclusions, and other discontinuities on or near the surface of ferromagnetic materials. Magnetic particle testing may be applied to raw material, billets, finished and semi-finished materials, welds, and in-service parts. Magnetic particle testing is not applicable to non-ferromagnetic metals and alloys such as austenitic stainless steels. See Appendix X1 for additional information.

1.3 All areas of this Practice may be open to agreement between the Cognizant Engineering Organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the Cognizant Engineering Organization.

1.4 This standard is a combined standard, an ASTM standard in which rationalized SI units and inch-pound units are included in the same standard, with each system of units to be regarded separately as standard.

1.4.1 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Index Terms

dye; fluorescent; FP; FPI; magnetic particle; MPI; MT; nondestructive evaluation; nondestructive examination; nondestructive testing; NDT: Billets; Blooms; Castings; Cracking–metallic materials; Defects–metals/alloys; Discontinuities–metals/alloys; Dry magnetic particle inspection; Ferromagnetic material/testing; Fluorescent magnetic particle inspection; Forgings; Gaussmeter; Inclusions; Laps; Magnetic particle inspection; Metals and metallic materials; Multidirectional magnetization; Steel; Surface analysis–metals/alloys; Welding/welds; Wet magnetic particle examination;

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