1.1 This practice provides recommendations for the installation of buried thermoplastic pipe used in sewers and other gravity-flow applications. ASTM D2321-08, These recommendations are intended to ensure a stable underground environment for thermoplastic pipe under a wide range of service conditions. However, because of the numerous flexible plastic pipe products available and the inherent variability of natural ground conditions, achieving satisfactory performance of any one product may require modification to provisions contained herein to meet specific project requirements.1.2 ASTM D2321-08, The scope of this practice necessarily excludes product performance criteria such as minimum pipe stiffness, maximum service deflection, or long term strength. Thus, it is incumbent upon the product manufacturer, specifier, or project engineer to verify and assure that the pipe specified for an intended application, when installed according to procedures outlined in this practice, will provide a long term, satisfactory performance according to criteria established for that application. A commentary on factors important in achieving a satisfactory installation is included in Appendix X1.
Note 1 – Specific paragraphs in the appendix are referenced in the body of this practice for informational purposes.
Note 2 – The following ASTM standards may be found useful in connection with this practice: Practice D 420, Test Method D 1556, Method D 2216, Specification D 2235, Test Method D 2412, Specification D 2564, Practice D 2657, Practice D 2855, Test Methods D 2922, Test Method D 3017, Practice F 402, Specification F 477, Specification F 545, and Specification F 913.
Note 3 – Most Plumbing Codes and some Building Codes have provisions for the installation of underground “building drains and building sewers.” ASTM D2321-08, See them for plumbing piping applications.
1.3 Units – The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. ASTM D2321-08, It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Keywords: backfill; bedding; compaction; embedment; haunching; migration; sewer pipe; soil stiffness; thermoplastic; underground installation; Backfill; Deflection–plastics; Gravity sewer pipe; Haunching; Sewer pipe (thermoplastic); Thermoplastic pipe/tube/fittings; Underground installation–water supply/distribution systems; ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes), ASTM D2321-08.