ASTM A53 / A53M – 12 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless ASTM A53
1.1 This ASTM A53 specification covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1/8 to NPS 26 [DN 6 to DN 650] (Note 1), inclusive, with nominal wall thickness (Note 2) as given in Table X2.2 and Table X2.3. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided that such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided and shall apply only when specified by the purchaser.
Note 1—The dimensionless designators NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] have been substituted in this specification for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”
Note 2—The term nominal wall thickness has been assigned for the purpose of convenient designation, existing in name only, and is used to distinguish it from the actual wall thickness, which may vary over or under the nominal wall thickness.
1.2 This ASTM A53 specification covers the following types and grades:
1.2.1 Type F—Furnace-butt-welded, continuous welded Grade A,
1.2.2 Type E—Electric-resistance-welded, Grades A and B, and
1.2.3 Type S—Seamless, Grades A and B.
Note 3—See Appendix X1 for definitions of types of pipe.
1.3 Pipe ordered under this specification is intended for mechanical and pressure applications and is also acceptable for ordinary uses in steam, water, gas, and air lines. It is suitable for welding, and suitable for forming operations involving coiling, bending, and flanging, subject to the following qualifications:
1.3.1 Type F is not intended for flanging.
1.3.2 If Type S or Type E is required for close coiling or cold bending, Grade A is the preferred grade; however, this is not intended to prohibit the cold bending of Grade B pipe.
1.3.3 Type E is furnished either nonexpanded or cold expanded at the option of the manufacturer.
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, and 15 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
1.6 The text of this specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)
ASTM A90/A90M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings
ASTM A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
ASTM A530/A530M Specification for General Requirements for Specialized Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe
ASTM A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
ASTM A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
ASTM A865 Specification for Threaded Couplings, Steel, Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless, for Use in Steel Pipe Joints
ASTM B6 Specification for Zinc
ASTM E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ASTM E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe and Tubing
ASTM E273 Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of the Weld Zone of Welded Pipe and Tubing
ASTM E309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubular Products Using Magnetic Saturation
ASTM E570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel Tubular Products
ASTM E1806 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition
B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose
B36.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products Preparation for Shipment and Storage
Fed.Std.No183 Continuous Identification Marking of Iron and Steel Products
5B Specification for Threading, Gauging, and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe Threads